Contents ✓

  • ✓ CHOICE OF VARIETY AND LANDING OF ROSES FOR A SUCCESSFUL WINTER
  • ✓ HEALTHY AND STRONG ROSE SHBOT
  • ✓ SHELTER OF ROSES FOR WINTER
  • ✓ ROSES SUMMER – NOW PREPARING FOR WINTER – VIDEO

HOW TO KEEP THE ROSES READY FOR WINTER

preparing roses for winter

It is hard to imagine a modern estate without a few bushes. Roses. Experienced gardeners know that these beauties need careful care. A particular difficulty in our climate is successful wintering – the key to luxurious flowering next season. However, preparations for winter are not limited to shrub cover, but begin long before frost and consist of several stages, which we will talk about today.


Reference by topic: Shelter of roses for the winter – to be exactly winter


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CHOOSING THE VARIETY AND LANDING THE ROSES FOR A SUCCESSFUL WINTER

preparing roses for winter

The roses grown in our gardens come from wild species (according to various sources in nature, there are from 200 to 350 of them), most of which grow in the subtropical regions of the planet. According to historical data, images of rose flowers were found in the cultural monuments of Assyria and Babylon (4-5 millennium BC). Rose culture began in ancient Persia (Iran) and from there it spread to ancient Greece.

The modern assortment of roses includes more than 10 species and 30 thousand varieties. Most of them come from areas with milder climates and are the result of complex hybridization. When choosing a rose seedling for your garden, you should look not only at the photo of the flower, but also get acquainted with the characteristics of the variety and reviews of rose growers in your region. Species or wild roses are considered to be more frost-resistant, hardly requiring shelter, for example, a wrinkled rose with pink straight flowers and its varieties with double flowers of white-violet color, centiful [R. centifolia, nazywamy ją „różą herbacianą”), róże cynamonowe (R. Majalis], prickly and laying xanthine with yellow flowers. About 40 species of wild roses are cultivated in the botanical gardens of Ukraine, suitable for landscaping, characterized by abundant flowering and bright fruits: multiflorous roses,

Leaves are removed from rose bushes and fallen ones are raked and cleared of gray, shiny, white, Gallic (French), Alpine and more.

Hybrid tea roses are more thermophilic, many modern varieties with wonderful flower shapes are bred for greenhouse cultivation, and in cold winters they can freeze or even die. Relatively frost-resistant are roses of the floribunda, polyanthus, ground cover, park and thickets groups. Climbing roses, which bloom on last year’s shoots, make it difficult to remove from the supports and shelter, and after heavy frosting, they may stop blooming at all in the next season. It is especially troublesome to save standard roses. Therefore, before choosing seedlings, think carefully about whether you are ready to provide them with proper care.

The second important condition for good growth, flowering and successful wintering of roses is planting shrubs in a well-lit, sheltered from frosty winds, preferably near the south wall, a place where there is no stagnation of cold air in spring and the snow melts quickly without clumping into a block of ice, and there is no water in the soil.

Do roses need to be pruned before wintering?


Reference by topic: Processing roses before hiding into hibernation


HEALTHY AND STRONG ROSE SHBOT

preparing roses for winter

It is worth worrying about further wintering at the end of summer – the beginning of autumn. In September, the last top dressing is carried out with a fertilizer containing potassium and phosphorus.

Now garden centers offer special complex autumn fertilizers with a minimum nitrogen content for roses. If the autumn is dry, the autumn watering of the rows of moisture is carried out. Roses bloom until frost, and many lovers experience such an abundance.

However, the most sensitive are green, immature, actively growing shoots, therefore, with the onset of low temperatures, we recommend cutting off the top of the bushes (from 1/3 to 1/2, full pruning according to the group and variety is carried out in the spring), which will slow down their growth and will give the plant a signal to start the dormant period. Lignified shoots are much more frost resistant. Sanitary pruning is also carried out, completely cutting out diseased, weak, damaged, thickening shoots.

preparing roses for winter

Often the leaves of the roses do not fall off, but remain green or dry out. Cut them off and carefully rake and discard fallen leaves. Sick parts of the plant cannot be left next to the bush or sent to compost, since pathogens and pests of roses hibernate in the soil and attack the plants again in spring. At the end of autumn, the bush and the root circle are sprayed against the wintering stages of pests and diseases with Bordeaux mixture, Brunk preparations, ZOD preparation, etc.


See also: Rose care after wintering and hiding


A shelter with roses for the winter

There is no need to rush to shelter the roses. Many amateurs are too zealous and already in September, in good weather, they try to finish the gardening work as soon as possible. However, the first frosts are partially disinfected, and most importantly, they harden and cause lignification of the shoots. The period of hardening of roses and gradual dormancy before severe frosts is very important. Complex biochemical processes take place in the plant, nutrient reserves accumulate, tissue water content decreases, metabolism and respiration slow down. In addition, too early sheltering causes the formation of condensate and rotting of plants, which is extremely unfavorable for wintering and the health of the seedlings. The shelter only starts after the onset of stable frosts.

It is important to pay attention to young cuttings planted in the fall and not having time for good rooting, especially imported ones, that have not undergone acclimatization. Seedlings of many varieties are not winter-hardy enough only at a young age, and when they become stronger, they will be able to winter with or without a little shelter in the next season.

First of all, the root system of roses is insulated. The grafting site, when properly planted, is buried 3-5 cm under the soil surface. The best and simplest way is to sprinkle the bottom of the bush with a layer of soil 10-15 cm high. Litter from rotten or Deoxygenated high peat (pH 5) is also used. 6), composted bark and shavings, straw or seed scales. The mulch nourishes the plant, protects the roots from wind and cold, and helps retain moisture in the soil.

preparing roses for winter

The part of the shrub that protrudes above the ground is insulated in different ways, depending on the size and height of the shrub, as well as the presence of covering materials. Rose bushes are undersized (miniature groups – from 15 cm, polyanthus, spray – up to 50 cm), medium (floribunda, ground cover and patio – 50-100 cm) and tall (grandiflora, park, scars, climbing – more than 100 cm) . The best material for tying roses is spruce or pine spruce, which not only is easy to use, looks attractive, does not clump, allowing plants to breathe, but also has phytoncidal properties. You can combine different materials (jute, agrofiber, bedspreads). Do not use poorly ventilated materials (foil, cardboard, etc.). Since in winter in our climatic zone, thaws often occur, under such materials plants rot and are affected by fungal diseases.

preparing roses for winter

Remember that the temperature in any shelter is not higher than outside. The casing prevents, above all, icing, the effect of drying frosty wind, and protects the bark against sudden changes in temperature, when the bright sun heats the surface during the day, and frost strikes at night, which causes frost cracking and peeling of the bark.

Climbing roses are removed from the supports, laid on the ground in several stages, tied with agrotextile (canvas, tarpaulin) and covered with mulch or spruce twigs, pressed with a load from above or strengthened with hairpins before being blown by the wind.

Standard roses require special care. For tying the trunks of grafted roses, reed stalks, bamboo, straw, agrofiber are used.

  • Method number 1: the bush is dug up on one side and carefully in several steps, so as not to break the trunk, bend to the ground, fix the stalk with pins, cover with agrofiber and spruce branches. The base of the stem is strewn with a mound of earth.
  • Method # 2: Dig up a standard rose, plant it in a container, and transfer it to a well-ventilated basement or other shelter with a temperature of around 50 ° C. In winter, the soil is slightly moist, keeping the temperature cool and not waking the kidneys.

Reference by topic: Resuscitation of affected roses after a difficult winter


ROSES SUMMER – NOW PREPARING FOR WINTER – VIDEO

Roses in the middle of summer – NOW READY FOR WINTER !!!

© Author: Victoria ROY, landscape designer, Dnipro

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