- ✓ Dwarf irises – planting and care. Tips and Reviews
- ✓ Dwarf irises – VIDEO
TIME of a dwarf with a bearded iris
Dwarf bearded irises bloom much earlier than other bearded “brothers”.
Fill the garden with bright colors that grow fast and create dense beautiful curtains.
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Charming with its beauty, irises do not require special attention, and yet our readers ask questions.
The experiment was successful
Last year, in late autumn, I had to reconstruct a flowerbed with bearded dwarf irises. What to do with them, I did not know then. I dug one bush in the greenhouse, divided the rest and planted it on the bed deeper than usual (8-10 cm). Sprinkled with earth, covered with a dense spanbond from above.
Iris, who was in the greenhouse, gave beautiful flowers in March. Plants in the garden showed leaves, that is, they winter safely, grow well. Does this mean you can divide and replant your irises even in late fall?
Svetlana Afanasenko, Bryansk
– This technique cannot be recommended as a guide to action. This is only allowed in hopeless situations. Experience shows that the late removal of the iris does not tolerate cold winters. You managed to save the plants, but most likely there will be no flowering this year.
You did rightly to plant the bushes deeper than usual and covered them (although the bearded irises of low and medium varieties in the middle lane usually in winter without shelter). This winter did not differ in severe frosts, under the snow, the ground did not even really freeze, and the plants safely took root.
With the onset of heat in the spring, it was necessary to rake the earth and open the rhizomes of the sun’s rays. Treat the cuttings with Phytosporin (as instructed) and feed the irises now. You will use nitrogen-potassium fertilizers for the first time, after 2-3 weeks, give them nitrogen and phosphorus, and after another 2 weeks – nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (according to the instructions). I do not recommend feeding organic infusion. Weed and water in season.
The best time to plant irises is 3-4 weeks after flowering. At the moment, new roots are actively growing. In extreme cases, it can be done in the second half of summer. On light sandy soils, the rhizomes deepen 1-2 cm, on heavy soils place them at the level of the soil.
Elena ANTONOVA, collector, Moscow
They both love looking after
We also recommend reading: Features of growing repair irises
Is there a difference in caring for dwarves and tall bearded irises?
– The agricultural technology of dwarf irises does not differ from the agricultural technology of bearded brothers from other groups, but they need to be shared more often – once every 3-4 years. For planting, choose sunny areas with neutral or slightly acidic soil. Irises do not grow well on heavy clay. cold soils where water stagnates. Bearded irises are less demanding to water, but it is still advisable to water them during budding and flowering (if the soil is too dry) in the morning.
They feed throughout the season. The first time is in early spring when irises begin to grow, with fertilizers containing nitrogen and calcium. During the budding period, potassium phosphorus or a complex fertilizer with a high potassium content, preferably with trace elements, is used. The third, last, top dressing – after flowering, they often use superphosphates or complexes with a high phosphorus content.
Bearded dwarf irises are distinguished by abundant flowering, rapid outgrowth. disease and frost resistance, iris.
Dead Zone. What is this
What does the bald spot in the center of the dwarf iris bush mean – will the plant get sick or should it be watered more often?
Irina Musina, Kursk
– This is a signal for division and transplant. Dwarf irises grow rapidly. Plants thicken, and in the center of the bush such a dry center is formed from the dead annual connections of the rhizome. Pull this old bush out of the ground and break the rhizomes into dividers. The dwarf iris planting unit is a one-year growth with a fan of leaves. By the way, these delenites withstand drying, which is very convenient when sending material for planting.
Dwarf irises – planting and care. Tips and Reviews
MY Dwarf Irises
Growing bearded dwarves are not much different from tall ones. They also love dry, sunny places. I prepare fertile soil and carefully select weeds, especially wheatgrass and dwarf roots, as they quickly take up living space.
In the case of “dwarfs”, a 20 cm deep trench is enough, the lower half of which is filled with rotten (loose) manure, and the upper soil layer should be acid-neutral and fertile. In the primary zone of the irises, it is useful to add bone meal, which can be purchased in garden stores or cooked by yourself. I burn all the bones that remain after cooking in a village oven and then grind them.
The nuances of landing
Dwarf irises can be divided and planted two weeks after flowering, usually from the second half of June. Standard delenka root long before fall and blooms frequently, unlike tall bearded irises, already in the following year. In the latter, flowering occurs in the second half of June, respectively, the division and planting dates are shifted. Second, tall irises take longer to take root and gain strength for flowering.
I plant these and others so that the “back” of the delenka is not sprinkled with earth. If the iris falls off, I stick small pegs before rooting, if there is only one peg, then I attach the plant blade to it. On dry days, new plantings should be watered once a week.
By the way, if I buy irises and the place for them is not yet ready, I plant them in containers – let them grow and take root. I prepare the soil – like in the garden, I plant it without deepening the “back” of the plant. As containers, I use 2-liter juice bags, cut in half. When planting a delenka in open ground, I carefully take it out with a lump of earth, trying not to disturb it. Irises can be planted even in September.
© Author: Elena LITVYAKOVA, St. St. Petersburg
Dwarf irises – VIDEO
© Author: Marina VOLOVIK, president of the Moscow branch of the Russian Society photo: Zoe NOVIKOVA
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