- ✓ Irises: landscape decoration
- ✓ Choosing a place for planting Siberian irises
- ✓ Planting irises
Siberian irises – planting and care
Rainbow! This is how the name of the flower, dating back thousands of years, was translated.
Thus, the ancient Greeks called the winged messenger Zeus and Hera, the personification and the goddess of the rainbow. Iris, or Iris, appeared from the cloud after the rain, descending to the ground along an airy arc filled with all the colors of the sun spectrum. On the ground, rainbow colors are scattered in very different colors.
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But the wealth of shades embodied in irises is truly a gift from the gods that cannot be overlooked. Hippocrates, who named the friend of all flowers, clearly did not doubt it. Carl Linnaeus, the founder of the modern plant classification, kept this name. Successive botanists collected and counted all the irises of our planet, and it turned out that there are more than 200 species!
All irises are divided into two large groups depending on the presence or absence of a beard on the outer petals of the flower – bearded and adamant.
Bearded irises cover most garden varieties. Siberian irises are part of the group of the few irises. This group is the most numerous in nature.
The ancestors of the varieties and hybrids of the Siberian iris class are 3 species: Siberian iris (Iris sibirica), blood red iris (Iris sanguinea and Oriental – its obsolete name), horned iris (Iris typhifolia).
Reference by topic: Siberian irises: planting and care
The passion for change, the freshness of impressions and the opening of new horizons forced breeders to turn to the “Siberians”. Refined sophistication – this is what captivates them at first sight. It manifests itself in the form of a flower, in the lines of narrow, “light” leaves and in the silhouette of a bush. These features introduce an intriguing element of novelty to what we have known for so long.
Multiply the charm and grace of this flower by the already known potential of the color palette, the endurance of the “Siberians” and their requirements in accordance with our climate, and as a result – simpler rules of care, and it will become clear why Siberian irises in our gardens really have a bright future.
The flowers of Siberian irises are smaller, but compared to the flowers of traditional garden irises, but there are more of them on the bush.
In addition, smaller petals are easier to resist and maintain beauty in rain and wind.
It is interesting that in some varieties the buds bloom immediately, resembling lush bouquets, in others – sequentially, extending the flowering time. For different purposes in design, you need both.
Longer than other varieties bloom with branched pedicels, including almost white, with a lavender shade of iris Hohe worth it. From domestic record blooming varieties Altai leader.
Cute Siberian irises with birch trees in the background are ready to see our eyes as part of their native nature, so we can easily find a corner for them in the garden, while in the south luxurious exotics from a group of bearded irises pretend to have a gala party and ceremonies.
The delightful shape of the flower, wonderful shades and the pattern on the petals require an appropriate presentation. Therefore, when choosing a variety for a garden, it is important to evaluate not only the details of the flower, but also how the plant demonstrates its beauty. Flowers can float in a flock, towering above the leaves or be in line with them. And it is really difficult to appreciate their beauty from afar if they do not reach the tips of the leaves, but hide between them. At the same time, in the container, such irises will be interesting. In a word, choose: plants with a peduncle height of 40 to 160 cm at your disposal!
See also: Irises in questions and answers
Irises: landscape decoration
On the back of the mixborder or in the center of the flower bed, there are good varieties with peduncles above a meter and a classic floral shape with drooping petals. One of the tallest species (1.6 m) is navy blue with wide petals ‘Hohenflug’. In the foreground, varieties with an open goblet-shaped flower win.
At the tank. The narrow graceful leaves blend harmoniously with the surrounding coastal vegetation and flowers, as if taking off the grass moth, beautifully reflected in the water. (Plants are planted on the shore, but not in water!)
Groups on the lawn. If you don’t connect the stems after flowering, spectacular seed boxes will give picturesque curtains extra interest in the second half of summer and fall. To make it easier to care for the irises, protect the lawn edges with duct tape and complain about the ground around the bushes.
In large rockeries it is possible to plant in groups, in small ones – they use single copies as vertical accents or miniature varieties Baby’s sister, Summerchase Advent, Annick, My Little Sunshine. Miniature varieties of Siberian irises may suddenly gain height in a few years. To prevent this from happening, they should be split more often.
Choosing a place for planting Siberian irises
Choose the sunniest place. These irises do not have high drainage requirements and can grow even in moist areas with high groundwater levels unsuitable for bearded irises. The soil should be fertile, moderately moist. free of weeds. Best of all, the humus-rich lightweight clays are.
See also: Irises are bearded, not bearded: planting, care, and varieties
It is necessary to divide and transplant irises in the second half of August or in early spring. Before planting, dig deep into the ground and fill it with well-decomposed compost or humus. Delenki are prepared for planting, trimming leaves and roots.
Leaves 1/3 of the length, the roots are shortened by 10-12 cm. When planting, deepen the rhizomes by about 5-7 cm. This is the difference between Siberian irises and those of the bearded group, whose rhizomes creep along the surface. The distance between the planting holes, depending on the size of the divisions, is 30-50 cm. After planting, water and mulch well. Large overgrown shrubs bloom most frequently. With age, the flowering weakens and the middle of the bush gradually dies off.
When dividing the bushes, the old, dead parts of the rhizome are removed.
Please note! Siberian irises prefer acidic soils, so it is impossible to make lime when planting.
Siberian irises: care
In the spring, irises should be fed with full complex mineral fertilizer. While young plants don’t get stronger after planting, good watering is needed. Over time, the irises grow to form a powerful root system, and it is easier to cope with a lack of moisture. Therefore, adult bushes can be watered less often, but watering is mandatory in the event of drought. It is better to water infrequently but abundantly, soaking the soil to the full depth of the roots.
In the formation of peduncles or after flowering, add potash phosphorus fertilizers. In late autumn, after the frost starts (or at the very beginning of spring), the old leaves are trimmed to a height of 15. Mulching with well-matured humus or compost with a layer of about 2 cm in spring and can replace mineral supplements after flowering.
© Author: I.Volkovska
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Below are other entries on the topic “Dacha and the garden – with their own hands”
- Irises are bearded, not bearded: planting, care and varieties
- Bearded irises – growing care and some varieties
- How I grow bearded irises on the site – planting and dividing
- Planting and caring for bearded irises (photos): questions and answers
- Siberian irises: varieties, planting and care
- Irises Siberian (photo): cultivation and care
- Irises in questions and answers: cultivation, planting and care
- German iris (photo) – planting and care
- Wintering irises in the apartment