How to prepare irises for wintering at home
The first step to success in development bearded irises (Germanic) – appropriate planting material.
I have been working with Shevkhiy Settarovna Saydaliyeva from the Krasnodar Territory for several years and I am very grateful to her for the wonderful planting material. But even good rhizomes can be ruined if they are not planted properly.
I have “Delenki” so that there is room for growth. I get a well a little wider than the rhizome and 2-3 cm deep, fill the ash-sand mixture at the bottom. I have a rhizome in such a way that the leaf blade does not cover it.
I pour the soil so that her back is sticking out of the ground. I water. The place must necessarily be sunny and dry. The sun is the best remedy for all types of root rot.
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She and the drug and fertilizer can be powdered from the rhizome without regret, the irises will respond with a lush bloom. Waters them only during budding and flowering, after sufficient rainfall.
If it is rainy summer, the irises may hit the leaf lobe (heterosporiosis). Only after noticing the first symptoms of the disease, I spray the plants with a solution of copper-containing preparations according to the instructions.
And root rot is trimmed to living tissue and sprinkled with ash. In the sun, the wound dries up and shrinks. I feed in early spring during the leaf growth with mineral fertilizers for tuberous – and without organic.
For the winter, I cut off the leaves “on the cone” at a height of 10 cm and sprinkle the rhizome with dry leaves. Can you store your rhizomes outside the ground in winter?
It is argued in the literature and on the Internet that this is impossible. But my experience has proved otherwise. At the end of summer 2012 I had to post bearded irisesbut released them in October.
At that time, we already dropped the first snow and the frost began. I decided to refrigerate it in vegetable crates, wrapping it in several layers of newspaper. The irises were well kept, only slightly dry. In the spring, before planting at night, they were soaked in a rootstock solution.
Reference by topic: Bearded irises: planting and care
Planted in the ground. For stability, it was rammed around the rhizome. They drank copiously with warm water. The soil periodically loosened.
Polila plants with cubic zirconia, making it easier for plants to cope with stress. All the irises were rooted, but the weather intervened – it was raining all June in our area. Unfortunately, three out of twenty rhizomes have died. But in fact, I managed to keep most of the plants – some even happy with flowering.
Of course, irises do not store this, but luckily in your case, wintering the planting material was successful.
Before planting, carefully inspect the pieces.
If they shrink drastically, they land in the ground and quietly “solder”. If there are small spots on the feces, soft formations (signs of fading), then treat them with fungicides (according to the instructions). When planting, only the roots are sprinkled with earth, the rhizomes remain above the ground. To water moderately.
If irises winter successfully …
Iris – a bright rainbow on a summer day
Translated from Greek, “Iris” is a rainbow, as it is called, for bright and multi-colored flowers. He also has one more name – “tango”, which in Old Russian corresponds to a mild appeal to a young man or man. Mentions of irises can be found in ancient medical treatises, their images are found in both ancient frescoes and handicrafts. Its outlines are easy to find in various coats of arms, and yet it is considered the flower of the Blessed Virgin Mary, comforting her in sorrow.
In Japan, at the beginning of May, we celebrate the festival of irises – cebu-no seku. In different countries, irises are used not only as ornamental plants. are widely known in medicine. in cooking and perfumery. Irises are used to prepare spices, aromas
A bit of magic
In many countries, irises symbolize military prowess, because their leaves resemble swords, and flowers – helmets. Therefore, the Japanese believe that where there are boys, it is necessary to grow irises, as these plants increase morale and give courage. In feng shui, blue and blue irises stand for faith, hope, eternal youth and the achievement of noble goals. And yellow irises are symbols of gold, wealth and abundance in the home. sweets and alcohol. aromatic oils and drugs.
Such different irises
In culture, 300 species and several thousand different varieties of irises are known. among which there are both rhizomes and tuberous plants. The height of the iris is measured from the peduncle flower, it can reach from 10 cm to 1.5 meters to meters. Dwarf species are considered, with a height of 10 to 20 cm undersized. – From 20 to 50 cm, medium -. From 50 to 70 cm in height. – More than 70 cm per stroke, depending on the plant species, can vary from one to seven flowers in size from 8 to 15 cm.
The most suitable for cultivation in our region are English bulbous irises as they are the most winter-hardy.
Rhizomatous irises of the most popular – bearded irises, including well-known and high and low-growing forms. Also cultivated and irises beards, such as the yellow airo of prominent irises, which still require a backfilling aperture, and the Siberian iris, known for its endurance even in harsh climates. Exhibition of irises, presented in the Nikitsky botanical garden, iris can be found not only with yellow and blue flowers, but also pink, white, brown and even black petals. In our climate, irises bloom from late May to early July.
Plant and grow irises
Irises in your area can be placed not only in flower beds and rabatkah, but also among shrubs and fruit trees. observing only one condition – the irises should not be in the shade.
These plants love light and, getting into a shaded place, may not even bloom.
In the garden medicine cabinet
In folk medicine, a decoction of the iris root is used as an expectorant, diuretic and to reduce headaches. Iris rhizomes have long been used in homeopathy as a choleretic and sedative, and the oil obtained from them – to treat various skin diseases and to increase immunity. ATTENTION! Not all types of irises have healing properties.
Irises are distinguished by high winter hardiness and unpretentiousness of the soil. Do not tolerate strong supersaturation, so they should be planted in higher ground. The exception is the marsh iris (airoids), which can decorate even artificial reservoirs.
The root system of irises is in the upper layer of the soil, so they easily reproduce by dividing the rhizomes in spring or at the end of August. Irises are planted at a shallow depth, leaving the bud and the top of the rhizome at soil level. Bulbous species of irises reproduce by bulbs. on which you can sit.
Attention! Irises cannot grow next to hazel (hazel). They feel oppressed in this neighborhood and don’t even bloom.
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Below are other entries on the topic “Dacha and the garden – with their own hands”
- German iris (photo) – planting and care
- Wintering irises in the apartment
- Irises Siberian (photo): cultivation and care
- How I grow bearded irises on the site – planting and dividing
- Bearded irises – growing care and some varieties
- Irises in questions and answers: cultivation, planting and care
- Irises are bearded, not bearded: planting, care and varieties
- Siberian irises: varieties, planting and care
- Planting and caring for bearded irises (photos): questions and answers