Cultivation and varieties of Siberian irises

At first, we should be interested in the plant, we are ready to cultivate and cultivate it, to endure the whims. However, the question often arises, but is it worth taking a moment to admire the flower of the entire season of fighting for your health? And how good that there are plants with which joyful communication does not interfere with any “side effects”. Siberian irises just like that!

Siberian irises are by no means rare plants, their old varieties with blue-blue flowers can often be found in gardens and parks. They form shrubs with beautiful leaves, decorative all summer long, which, you will agree, is a great dignity.

In nature, the ancestors of Siberian irises grow in the wet meadows of Europe and Asia. They love moisture, so rains and spring floods do not harm them. On the other hand, the root system of Siberian irises is so strong that they can extract water deep underground and, with the exception of an extremely abnormally dry summer, do not require special watering.

However, undemanding soil does not like alkaline soils, so no deoxidizing substances are added when planting.


The terrible enemy of bearded irises – bacteriosis – is absolutely safe for Siberians, they are not susceptible to this disease. They also do not require any tricks with wintering, as they are quite resistant to our winters. Siberian irises withstand shading without much damage to flowering, so they are often planted in a shifting shade or in places exposed to the sun not all day long. However, they are also good in open spaces.

Siberian irises: varieties

There are a few short varieties, I prefer them “Nana’s” and “Haste”. In general, the height of the peduncles rises above the leaves, 70-80 cm, but there are also varieties that grow much higher than a meter (“Banish Misfortune”, “Pennywhistle”) But even these tall plants don’t need a garter – their flower stalks are strong and stable.

Siberian irises begin to bloom at the end of May, the earliest of which is “Hanka”. Most varieties open flowers in the second half of June and flower no later than the second half of July.

So, these irises can decorate our gardens for a month and a half. Growers try to increase the number of flowers on one plant so that the flowering is as long as possible (“Shaker’s Prayer”, “Lemon Veil”, “Kismet”), as well as an exhibition of richly flowering bedding varieties – decoration of the foreground of flower beds.

Most often in gardens you can find Siberian irises of a blue-blue tinge (“Seneca Feather Dancer”, “Ship Are Sailing”, “Mabel Codey”, “Lorena Cronin”), but are also yellow and white (“Moon Silk”, “Summer Evening”, “Summer Revels”), pinkish (“Fond Kiss”, “Dance Ballerina Dance”), red (“Hot Sketch”), as well as a complex color overlay (“Humorsof Whiskey”, “Salamander Crossing”). Yellow and reddish, as well as multi-colored (“Contrast in Styles”, “Charming Billy”) Some varieties, mainly blue-violet, have incredibly velvety petals, the beauty of which cannot be seen in the photo and can only be fully appreciated “live”. On the lower petals of a Siberian iris flower there is usually a so-called “signal” – a spot of varying intensity of yellow, and in some varieties this signal appears to be painted in gold paint, which gives the flower a royal glow!

Every year there are new varieties of Siberian irises, but also those that were obtained by breeders many years ago have not lost their attractiveness, because for these plants there is some strict standard that determines what modern varieties look like, but there is a great variety in color. in the form of a flower.

The flower of the wild Siberian iris is arranged in such a way that insects can pollinate it. But varietal plants, artificially pollinated by humans, often have traits that are “harmful” to the wild plant, but give the flower a special decorative effect.

See also: Bearded irises – photos, cultivation and varieties

The blades of the column, which cover the insects with access to nectar before pollination, rise up, turn into severely slit combs, such as “Dawn Waltz”or to become like petals, which creates a terry effect (“Brandy drops”, “Double standards”), and it is already difficult to understand what kind of origin from which part of the flower. There are also really terry varieties, “Kabluey”, “Kita-no-Sieza”, “Rigamarole”, “RikugiSakura”.

Siberian irises: care

In general, Siberian irises are quite unpretentious perennials, their agricultural technology is not complicated, but we must remember that for varieties, unlike wild ones, you need to provide a sunny place for abundant flowering. The main thing is to initially plant Siberian irises on good, fertilized soil without the addition of lime.

No fertilizers are needed in the first year. When planting, it is necessary to remove the old parts of the rhizome, devoid of leaves, it is easy to break them off, and the wound remains small. Place the plants in the hole on the mound, straighten the roots, and then sprinkle on top of the ground rhizome layer by 5-7 cm. Very similar to the crushing of irises, which can be used with all available materials (peat, sawdust, crushed bark, etc.)

Starting from the second year, mineral fertilization is introduced in spring with a full set of trace elements. If it is better to give a cold top dressing to a cold root, as the roots work badly in the cold and the plants may suffer from a lack of nutrition.

Fall (until October), after severe frost that can kill leaves, should be cut about 15 cm high. This is especially true of varieties with strong, thick leaves that do not rot during the winter, and hinder the development of young leaves in the spring. In the event of a long, warm fall, the work can be postponed to early spring.

Siberian irises can grow in one place for five to seven years or more, growing a bush and increasing the number of flowers. And only when flowering begins to weaken noticeably, plants need to be replanted. The best planting time is the second half of August, by this time delenki accumulate maximum reserves for the winter, take root well and better in winter. But you can transplant and plant in spring.

It is better for beginners not to deal with novelties, but first to plant Siberian varieties of iris that showed their reliability, and then gradually expand the collection. I would advise such “gentlemen”: “Dreaming Yellow”, “Cambridge”, “Silver Edge”, “Helen Astor” and “Ruffled Velvet”.

Siberian irises: photos of some varieties

Siberian irises

Author: N. Alexandrova – famous gardener and collector


Below are other entries on the topic “Dacha and the garden – with their own hands”

  • Irises in questions and answers: cultivation, planting and care
  • Irises Siberian (photo): cultivation and care
  • Bearded irises – growing care and some varieties
  • Planting and caring for bearded irises (photos): questions and answers
  • Siberian irises: varieties, planting and care
  • German iris (photo) – planting and care
  • Irises are bearded, not bearded: planting, care and varieties
  • How I grow bearded irises on the site – planting and dividing
  • Wintering irises in the apartment

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