photo of iris varieties

Some recommendations for growing a bearded iris

Irises, especially large-flowered varieties with a strong rhizome (require a lot of space and nutrients), grow after a few years and begin to interfere with each other. As a result, they bloom even worse. To avoid this problem, divide the plants every 4-6 years. The period from late July to September is suitable for this. Remove the plant from the ground with a pitchfork, shake off the soil from the rhizome, cut off the leaves. Then, cut the rhizomes, separating the plants from each other. Choose the strongest specimens with leaves. Plant them in a circle at a distance of 40 cm from each other so that the cutting plane of the rhizome looks inside this circle. You can pre-add compost to the soil. Sprinkle the rhizomes only lightly with earth so that they are not visible. Water the plants abundantly. No further action is needed in the coming weeks.

Iris the bearded – The plant is unique. It was distinguished by the crossing of different types of irises even in ancient times. So it is one of the oldest garden plants in human history. Bearded Iris grew in the gardens of the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans.


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Iris was named after Irida, the goddess of the rainbow – the flowers of this plant are painted in the colors of the rainbow. The bearded iris (Iris x barbata) of modern varieties is represented by a variety of shades of color: from white to black and purple.

The classes are divided into groups that differ in the height of the peduncles. Immature, bearded iris iris (Iris x barbata-nana), 20-40 cm tall, blooms earlier than the rest, in spring. The medium-sized iris iris (Irisxbarbata-media) is planted from 50 to 70 cm tall, which blooms for two short weeks. The most striking are the tall irises of the bearded beard (Iris x barbata-elatior) 0.5-1 m, their large flowers bloom in summer.

The variety of shapes and colors promotes the popularity of the bearded iris. In addition, it is very harmonious with a variety of garden styles. So, in combination with decorative bows, lupines and delphiniums, irises create a romantic mood in the garden. The same effect is achieved with the three irises, ponom and geranium. The spirit of the Mediterranean blows from a flower bed with a cat, santolina, milk and lavender. Iris is suitable for bearded and modern gardens where a limited number of plants are usually grown and stand out with something special. In such a garden, for example, a group of irises with pointed lipid leaves and large, picturesque flowers can become a vivid accent against the graceful silhouettes of ornamental grasses. Tip: if you are driving. To grow irises of a wide variety of bearded varieties, choose single-color partners in the flower garden for them, otherwise the entire composition will be too varied. For a bearded iris, choose partners and take into account that their roots are not drowned by the rhizomes of a solitary plant that are adjacent to each other and are not deep in the soil. Process it and weed it must be very carefully so as not to damage the rhizome of the iris.

Iris is unpretentious if the place for her growth is chosen correctly. Prefers sunny places, that is, the flower garden should be well lit by the sun at least three-quarters of the day. If you plant the iris in the shade, it will not bloom. The soil must be well drained and curved. The wet, fleshy rhizomes of the bearded iris can rot.

To the note:

There are many shades of iris in nature: from white to black. Irises are divided into two large groups: bulbous and bulbous. For planting, choose a sunny place: wear flowers and a light partial shade. Neutral soils are suitable. They are sick on wet soils, but they do not bloom on acid soils. The plants are planted in September-October, so they only have time to take root. The flowering period of irises is short – from May to June. The flowers only live for one to five days, but the leaves are decorative throughout the life of the plant. Three times a season, irises are fed with mineral fertilizers.

Planting irises

It is best to plant irises planted in August. Important: plants should have time to settle in a new place before winter. If you do not have time to fall, you can try planting irises in the spring. To do this, it is enough to loosen the soil, slightly deepen the rhizomes and lightly sprinkle them with earth.

The distance between plants depends on how tall or undersized species you choose, and ranges from 40 to 80 see. Bearded Iris loves fertile soil, nitrogen fertilization, but it’s better not to feed it. Choose phosphorus and potassium fertilizers and apply them before flowering begins. Increased nitrogen content can decompose the rhizome. If this happens, the rotten parts are cut off and the wounds are treated with crushed charcoal.

The bearded’s irises during the flowering period do not require special care. Just enjoy their beauty. Watering plants is enough only in very dry weather. In faded irises, the stems are cut at a level of 10 cm from the soil surface. So-called repair varieties such as Lovley Again will bloom in late summer and even fall, thus reducing the waiting time for the next mass flowering of these wonderful flowers.

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When transplanting and dividing the bearded iris and Daylily in order to prevent bacterial decay, it is worth leaving the rhizomes dug out for several hours in the sun.

When planting, the leaves are trimmed to two-thirds of their original length.

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