Phlox in Greek means “flame”.
The plant was named after Karl Linnaeus in 1737 because of the red color of the flowers in their original form. The flaming torches were, as legend has it, phloxes in the hands of the sailors and Odysseus, descending into the underworld of Hades …
Phlox, along with peonies, pink and blue hydrangeas, lilies and roses, are a real decoration of a summer-autumn garden, especially in the central part of Russia, where calla lilies or azaleas or oleanders or other thermophilic plants do not grow in the open field.
Despite the development of science, technology, etc., over the past half century, the Russian florist has not enriched the collection of new original varieties. The entire flower boom we have witnessed in recent years is based solely on the import of seeds, bulbs, rhizomes and huge amounts of cut flowers from countries with warm climates throughout the year.
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History of phlox in Russia
However, our breeders do not sit back all the time and, despite fierce competition from Zapadom, running in the yard include many interesting varieties of gladiolus, tulips and phlox lilies interested in the least. Maybe because there is no competition or the fashion for everything Western has become too established. After all, there is no example of our climate of the Middle Belt, the Urals, Siberia, the Far East, one cannot do without well wintering phloxes.
In the first post-war years – in the late 1940s and 1950s – among the large number of florists, growers and collectors there were those who became interested in growing flowers before the outbreak of World War II. Unfortunately, they have long been dead, and with them, many of the varieties grown by them gradually died out and died out. Most of those who were just starting out in the post-war years also left for another world.
Perhaps Shcherbina George Ivanovich is one of the last Mohicans. He was carried away with flowers almost immediately after his victory in 1945. George Ivanovich began to buy seeds and sowed them in a suburb near Moscow, in the village of Rastorguevo (now Vidnoye-2).
In his garden they bloom and annuals, and every two years and perennials flowers. Phloxes, the first time the annual Drummondi appeared, giving inflorescences of very different colors Soon George Ivanovich
so used to the flower business, he was admitted to the Society of Naturalists at Moscow State University in the floriculture department, headed at the time by professor, doctor, Nina Alexandrovna Bazilevskaya.
Soon George Ivanovich became the executive secretary of the section, although officially this post did not exist. Being a student first at a technical university and then at GITIS, he was free in the summer and could deal with organizational matters. For example, Georgij Ivanovich got tulips from the Dutch collection, which was donated to Moscow after the war in the Main Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences.
Almost the first of the perennials that Georgy Ivanovich began to harvest was the Paniculate Phloxes.
They bloom in July, August and even September. There are also early varieties, for example, “Cardinal” – red, strong, medium-tall flower. It blooms first before most of the phloxes of this species. But it fades away before the others.
If “Cardinal” cuts off the flowering inflorescences, he releases branches that also bloom, but not with such large caps. By the way, the repair property is distinguished by most varieties of phlox. Only here are the later ones, for example “White Mountain”, whose bushes grow almost in human form, with huge white gorobin caps, they simply do not have time to dissolve new flowers in the cold.
After Cardinal, Nicola Flamel is the first to bloom – tall, with large inflorescences and large salmon-colored flowers. Great variety.
Phlox are rather unpretentious and can grow in one place for many years. But it’s still better to divide and upload them every 4-5 years. If you want to lower the phlox in the same place, cut it in a semicircle with a shovel and dig it up. Fill the drinking pit with soil mixed with humus, compost or peat with the addition of ash or lime. By the way, it should be remembered that growth buds are formed not on the roots, but on the stems of the plant. So you have to be extra careful when cutting old stems and pouring out some soil every year.
Control of Phlox Disease
As for diseases, phlox, like many other plants, is prone to fungal diseases that appear on the leaves in the form of rusty or brownish spots when drying the lower leaves or entire branches. For prophylaxis, it is advisable to burn old branches in the fall, and in spring spray the bushes with Bordeaux liquid (lime with copper sulphate).
divide and transplant
Transplant the phlox to a new place with a clod of earth can be at any cloudy time, with something that will shrink in the bushes for the first 5-6 days, and thus water them abundantly. But the division of the bushes is desirable for production in early spring or no later than August. Secrets of reproduction
Reproduction of phlox
You can propagate phlox through cuttings.
In addition, cuttings from 3-4 rosettes of leaves should be cut at the beginning of summer. The lower leaves are removed, the upper steam is separated, which can be slightly shortened to reduce evaporation.
They should be planted in the partial shade of the garden or summer cottage, on loose, moist soil, deepening by 5-6 cm so that the lower buds are in the ground.
Then lay the wires and cover with foil. On sunny days, the first 2-3 weeks should be pritenied and the soil in this habitat should be kept moist.
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Below are other entries on the topic “Dacha and the garden – with their own hands”
- Reproduction of phloxes (detailed photo)
- Phloxes panic (photo) – beauty depends on care
- Pests phlox
- Paniculate phloxes – popular varieties, care, planting, reproduction
- How to grow and properly care for phlox
- Phlox – varieties, planting and care
- Phlox (photo) lands and leaves A to Z.
- Phloxes are paniculate – varieties and planting and growing in the flower garden of the country
- Drummond phlox (photo) – cultivation: planting and care